Key Terms deductive reasoning: While experts continue to debate the relative contributions of early versus later experiences, developmental experts recognize that the events of early life play a critical role in the developmental process and can have lasting effects throughout life. Yet, if the parents make immoderate demands of the child, by over-emphasizing toilet training, it might lead to the development of a compulsive personality , a person too concerned with neatness and order. As with the other psychosexual stages, Freud believed that it was possible for children to become fixated or "stuck" in this phase.
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During the oral stage, the infant's primary source of interaction occurs through the mouth, so the rooting and sucking reflex is especially important.
Fixation at this stage can result in immaturity and an inability to form fulfilling relationships as an adult.
The libido is dormant.
Psychosexuality r efers to those sequential bodily stages in childhood development that provide psychic and somatic sensual-sexual experiences.
Post-conventional moralists live by their own ethical principles—principles that typically include such basic human rights as life, liberty, and justice—and view rules as useful but changeable mechanisms, rather than absolute dictates that must be obeyed without question.
While Freud's theory implied that homosexuality was a deviation in normal psychosexual development, many contemporary psychologists believe that sexual orientation is largely influenced by biological factors.
As a person grows physically certain areas of their body become important as sources of potential frustration erogenous zones , pleasure or both.
Developmental psychology Freudian psychology.
Piaget determined that in this stage, children are able to incorporate inductive reasoning, which involves drawing inferences from observations in teaching sex pictures to make a generalization.
In the first stage of personality development, the libido is centered in a baby's mouth.
Instead, Horney proposed that men experience feelings of inferiority because they cannot give birth to children, a concept she referred to as womb envy.
The primary conflict at this stage is the weaning process--the child must become less dependent upon caretakers.
The psychoanalyst Freud noted that "Hans had to be told many things that he could not say himself" and that "he had to be presented with thoughts, which he had, so far, shown no signs of possessing".
Freud meetdating that during the phallic stage, the primary focus of the libido is on the genitals.
What causes one person to be sociable and outgoing and another to be shy and introverted?
A psychological condition in children characterized by apprehension when separated from a parent.
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